The study, led by Dr Gerulf Rieger from the Department of Psychology at the University of Essex, involved a small sample of 345 women.
Dr Rieger said: “Even though the majority of women identify as straight, our research clearly demonstrates that when it comes to what turns them on, they are either bisexual or gay, but never straight.”
His test subjects were shown videos and had their responses recorded, including whether their pupils dilated in response to sexual stimuli.
DELVE DEEPER: Find the full study here
The results found that straight women were strongly sexually aroused by videos of both attractive men and attractive women, even though they said they were only interested in men.
This was in contrast to lesbians, who showed much stronger sexual responses to women than to men.
The researchers said lesbians were the most like men in their responses because it is usually men who show distinct sexual responses to their favourite sex.
Dr Rieger also said his study showed that lesbians who may dress in a more masculine way may not have more masculine behaviours.
“Although some lesbians were more masculine in their sexual arousal, and others were more masculine in their behaviours, there was no indication that these were the same women,” he said.
“This shows us that how women appear in public does not mean that we know anything about their sexual role preferences.”